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AS OF JULY 2017,
SEARCH FUNCTION DISABLED
This site written and
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MIA Facts Site
by Joe Schlatter
Purpose of this site
This site is published to provide facts about the issue of
Americans who remain "missing in action" (MIA) from the Vietnam War. At
the conclusion of the Vietnam War, 2,583 Americans did not return. A vast
mythology has built up around what really happened to these individuals.
Misinformation, pseudo-history, and deliberate fabrication are rampant. As a
result, myths are regularly proclaimed to be fact. This site destroys
| Not all US POWs were released by their captors at the end
of the Vietnam War. |
|The U.S. government knew that all POWs were not released.|
|U.S. POWs remain in captivity today.|
|There is a conspiracy within the U. S. government to hide the
continued imprisonment of Americans and, whenever the truth emerges, it is debunked.|
|The U.S. government is doing nothing to account for or recover
missing men. |
| All U.S. POWs captured during the Vietnam War were
released, either at Operation Homecoming (spring, 1973) or earlier.
|The only men captured and not released are 113 who died in
captivity; their identities and the circumstances of their deaths are known; some of their
remains have been recovered/returned..|
|No U. S. prisoners of war have been abandoned by the U. S.
|No U.S POWs remained in captivity after the conclusion of
| There is no conspiracy within the U. S. government
to conceal the abandonment of prisoners of war (who were not abandoned in the first
| No U.S. POWs from Indochina were taken to the Soviet
Union, China, or any other third country.
|The U.S. government has been -- since well before the end
of the Vietnam War -- exerting all possible efforts to recover or account for missing men.
That effort continues today and is unprecedented in the history of warfare.|
Those who promote these false claims have produced a vast array of
half-truth, untruth, hearsay, unsubstantiated claims, personal attacks, and
mythology. The accumulated effect of years of nonsense has been exactly what
one would expect:
The big lie has been accepted as truth in some
Added July 15, 2016:
A Statement of Facts
My comments on the history and
current state of "the POW, MIA issue."
This will make some people very
How many Americans are "missing" in Southeast Asia?
At the end of Operation Homecoming in the Spring of 1973, 2,646
Americans did not return from Southeast Asia -- they were
"unaccounted for." Since then, 1,032 have been "accounted for" by (1)
recovering and identifying remains; (2) return of a small number of individuals
after Operation Homecoming; (3)
recovering the remains of several individuals as a group whose remains are not separately
Currently, 1,587 Americans are
"unaccounted for" in Southeast Asia:
|North Vietnam :
As of August 2016, DPAA is no longer differentiating between "North Vietnam"
"South Vietnam" -- only "Vietnam."|
|South Vietnam :
|China (territorial waters) :
These figures were last updated on :
February 28, 2020
Figures include 468 at sea or overwater losses
here for details on the number of
Click here to see a chart
that lists the missing by service and by country of loss.
following statement is copied from the DPAA website page titled "Progress
in Vietnam," dated June 1, 2018.
|The Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA) plans
to conduct four Joint Field Activities (JFAs) this
fiscal year in Vietnam. Each JFA involves approximately
95 U.S. personnel plus their Vietnamese counterparts.
Together, they work on investigations and excavations
throughout the country for a period of approximately 30
days per JFA. |
|Recovered remains believed to be those of Americans
are transferred to DPAA’s Central Identification Lab in
Hawaii for further analysis and identification by
forensic anthropologists. |
|The 130th JFA began February 28 and continued
through April 15, 2018. Recovery and investigation teams
worked sites in Da Nang, Soc Trang, Binh Phuoc, Gia
Nghia, Quang Ngai, Quang Nam, Quang Binh, Khanh Hoa,
Thua Thien-Hue, and Kon Tum Provinces. |
|The 131st JFA began May 24 and continues through
July 8, 2018. Recovery and investigation teams
are working sites in Thua Thien-Hue, Nghe An, Quang Binh,
Quang Nam, and Ha Tinh Provinces.|
Resolving “Last Known Alive” Cases
|Of the original 196 individuals “Last Known Alive”
in Vietnam (those who survived or may have survived
their loss incident and were either alive on the ground,
in captivity, or in immediate proximity to capture, but
did not return), DoD has confirmed the death of 176,
with 20 still unresolved. |
|Of the 176 whose deaths have been confirmed, the
remains of 51 have been located and identified; efforts
continue to recover the remaining 125. |
|U.S. and Vietnamese specialists met in Hanoi earlier
this year to discuss Last Known Alive cases in Vietnam,
as well as in Cambodia and Laos. |
Research and Investigations
|U.S. POW/MIA investigators rotate into Hanoi on a
continuous basis to pursue leads associated with the
remaining 1,251 Americans still unaccounted for in
|A research effort continues in the Ministry of
National Defense (MND) central archives. Since May 2012,
Vietnam has turned over policy, strategic, and tactical
level archival documents regarding unaccounted for
|In addition to the interviews conducted during JFAs,
U.S. and Vietnamese investigators have conducted nearly
300 oral history interviews of former and current
Vietnamese government and military officials. This
program is ongoing. |
|Since Vietnamese troops occupied large portions of
Cambodia and Laos where Americans went missing during
the War, the U.S. asked Vietnamese veterans and
civilians to cooperate in our operations in the two
countries. Vietnamese veterans have actively supported
DPAA investigation and recovery operations in both
Cambodia and Laos; many of these veterans have
participated more than once.|
early 2015, the Defense POW-Missing Personnel Office (DPMO) was
replaced by the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA).
Here is a link to the DPAA website.
So, what do I know about it?
I am Joe Schlatter, Colonel, U. S. Army, Retired. I retired on 1 April
1995. My involvement in the MIA issue came during two assignments:
|February 1986 - July 1990
|Feb 86 - Dec 88: Chief, Analysis Branch, Defense
Intelligence Agency Special Office for POW-MIA Affairs
|Dec 88 - Jul 90: Chief, Defense Intelligence Agency
Special Office for POW-MIA Affairs
|July 1993 - March 1995: Deputy
Director, Defense POW-MIA Office
2/13 Field Artillery
February 1969 - February 1970
On this site are over 75 articles
that deal with various aspects of the MIA issue.
The views presented here are my own and do not
represent an official position of the United States Government or of the Department of
Defense. None of the material presented here has been cleared by the Department of
This link is an article that describes the sources used for this
I write in a conversational style and try draw in all facts and
matters bearing on a subject. I am writing from memory, without notes, and I do not
have total recall. If I do not recall a specific item, I contact others and
attempt to determine the details. If I cannot determine the details, I will so
If you want to cut through the details and get
to the point, click here to see my proposal for how to get back
The page that you are now viewing is
only the introduction to the MIA Facts Site.
On this site are over 75 articles dealing with various aspects of the MIA issue.
For a summary of each article and
a link to the article,
go to the
MIA Facts Site Table of Contents
(Big file, takes a minute to load)
Or, click here for the
(Not as big as Table of Contents, but contains only
last 90 days of articles.)
Current news :
(More or less "current," that is.)
And now, in
mid-February 2015, the "reorganization" is taking shape.
Here are my comments.
17 May 2014; updated 22 July 2014. SECDEF Hagel has
directed the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, Michael Lumpkin, to
provide him -- within 30 days -- a plan to do something to speed up the
identification of remains and lots of other nonsense.
Here are my comments.
17 March 2014:
Here we go again. A
recent SECDEF memo is the latest in a long line of actions -- stretching
back over three decades -- intended to reorganize, reinvigorate, and "fix"
the "MIA accounting process." Nothing to see here. Move along.
25 April 2013: Been a long time but now
another phony story emerges. Go to this link and read the description
of a new
"documentary film." The
filmmakers claim to have discovered KIA/BNR John Hartley Robertson (SFC,
USArmy) living in a village in Laos. Not true. Investigators
from the Defense POW/Missing Personnel Office visited this clown a couple of
times, took DNA samples and compared them to DNA samples from Robertson
family members . . . not even close.
6 December 2010: This is the funniest thing
I've read in years!! Former member of Congress and one of the dumbest
men in the world, John LeBoutillier, was
ripped off for around $800,000 in a "live POW" scam!!!!
30 October 2010: As
of 31 October 2010, it's time to stop.
8 January 2010:
Former Congressman John LeBoutellier
appears to have been scammed out of $18.5K
by someone claiming to have information about US POWs. Heh, heh.
2 August 2009:
Remains of US Navy Captain Scott Speicher found, identified. Speicher
was lost on the first night of the Gulf War, January 1991.
14 July 2008: An observation:
On 10 July 2008,
the Military Personnel Subcommittee of the House Armed Services
Committee held hearings on the POW-MIA issue -- the first Congressional
hearings on the issue for several years ( 11 years ?). I note with
great satisfaction that the only people testifying were Navy Rear Adm. Donna
Crisp, Commander, Joint POW/MIA Accounting Command, and Charles Ray,
the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for POW and MIA affair. No
mention was made of the "live prisoner" myth or of "live sightings." None
of the usual "activists" were allowed to testify. Thank goodness -- no
Earl Hopper, no Ted Sampley, no Roger Hall, no Billy Hendon -- none of the
usual foolishness. About time.
15 June 2008. Attacks on the POW record of
Senator John McCain have picked up now that he is the presumptive Republican
presidential candidate. In a word, these attacks are nonsense.
The origin of the attacks on McCain is a twisted tale.
Start at this link to read the facts about McCain's
POW record and about the attacks on him. It's a long story, be
patient, read all about it.
5 March 2008. As of early March 2008, a
website titled "Vietnam Veterans Against John McCain" has appeared on the
Internet. This site contains monstrous lies about John McCain's
behavior as a prisoner of war in North Vietnam. The site is the work
of one Ted Sampley of Kinston, NC. I will post on the MIA Facts Site
responses to Sampley's lies about McCain. Meanwhile,
start at this link to learn the background of
Sampley and his attacks on John McCain.
8 July 2007. More about Hendon's MIA
claims. Check out this item -- it's quite relevant in view of Hendon's
new book claiming that hundreds of US POWs were abandoned in SEAsia.
Ronald Reagan's comment on Hendon: ". . .
off his rocker."
29 May 2007.
I promised myself I wouldn't do this -- but here goes. Former
Congressman Billy Hendon and his long-time girl-friend Beth Stewart have
produced a book titled something like An Enormous Lie -- the book
is supposed to be a collection of US government documents proving that
American POWs were abandoned in Southeast Asia and that there has been
and still is a wide-spread conspiracy within the US government to cover
up this fact. Hendon's claims are nonsense. I have no intention of
reading his book -- because I have heard it all before. If anyone
cares, this is what I recommend: If you must, read Hendon's book.
Then, come back to the MIA Facts Site and compare Hendon's claims to the
articles on this site. I'm betting that every single incident that
Hendon uses to support his claim is covered by an article here. You may
want to start with this article about
12 September 2006.
Ambassador Charles Ray
named as new
DASD/POW-MIA Affairs. Friends of mine who know him speak highly of him
-- glad to see an individual of his background and integrity in the job.
I give him two months before the "activists" want to crucify him -- but that
tells us more about the "activists" than about DASD Ray.
8 March 2006.
Roger Hall -- a "POW-MIA activist" is also a certifiable screwball.
For years Hall has been pursuing a FOIA request and a lawsuit against the
CIA, claiming the CIA has documents proving the presence of US POWs in
SEAsia after the end of the Vietnam War. In February 2006 an appeals
court ruled against Hall mainly because -- get this -- the CIA had released
the documents he was requesting. Hall is too dumb to understand the
court's ruling -- here is an article about Hall with a link to his site so you can read the court's decision and Hall's
9 January 2006. Almost one year ago (12 February 2005) the
"National Alliance of Families for the Return of America's Missing" (at
least, that's what they were calling themselves then) announced in their
newsletter that the US government had evidence of
"hundreds" of US personnel imprisoned in the Soviet Gulag
-- "hundreds" -- that's their words. Well -- folks,
it's been a year -- where are they? What are their names? What
is being done to bring them home? Where is any more information?
Could it be that this is just another crock generated by incompetent
"researchers" in DPMO? I'll report, you decide.
12 December 2005.
On 2 December 2005, DASD Jerry Jennings
wrote to the DPMO staff a letter informing them that he was retiring from
Federal service and stepping down from his position as DASD/POW-MIA Affairs.
I won't go into the details -- mainly because I don't know most of the
details -- but -- Jennings had been under attack by the family organizations
for some time. While the family organizations will give long, involved
explanations for their opposition to Jennings, in my experience, their
attack on him comes from their not being able to control him and comes from
Jennings telling people the truth and not telling them what they want to
hear. A short notice of Jennings' retirement is posted on the DPMO
website at http://www.dtic.mil/dpmo/
27 September 2004.
Assistant Secretary of Defense and Director of
DPMO Jerry Jennings recently made statements
relative to the possibility of US POWs being
transferred from Vietnam to the USSR that are,
in a word, nonsense. I don't know who
Jennings is trying to impress but he would do
better to stick with the facts -- which do not
support his claims. Read about it here.
18 September 2004. This
article will be of interest only to a few who
are "insiders" to the issue of Americans
missing in SEAsia. Beginning on 11
September 2004, the National Alliance of
Families started publishing claims made by an
"inside source." I know the source and
in this article I reveal his name
and discuss the phony claims he makes. He is
a good guy; I don't know what has happened to
him; it's a shame that he will be used,
abused, and tossed aside.
August 21, 2004. The 2004 U. S.
Presidential campaign is underway and the
Republicans are launching vicious attacks on
John Kerry, the Democratic candidate. In
the main, the attacks focus on Kerry's record
in Vietnam -- a war that George W. Bush
avoided by using his father's connections to
get into the Texas Air National Guard.
Some of the attacks on Kerry are coming from
the same individual who has been instrumental
in spreading false claims about missing
Americans and about Senator John McCain.
about this individual here. Here is
link to several articles that debunk the
lies being told about John Kerry.
February 4, 2004.
in the Chicago Sun-Times -- the author will likely be attacked by the
|October 4, 2003. One of the "activist" POW-MIA organizations
is a group calling themselves "Minnesota Won't Forget POW/MIA." Once made
up mainly of MIA family members, the organization long ago became more
"activist" and less "family." One of their members is an
individual named Rich Daly -- Daly claims to be a "researcher" for MN Won't
Forget; he may be the executive director now. Regardless, I had several articles on
this site detailing some of the activities of MN Won't Forget. On October 3, 2003, I
received a letter from their attorney accusing me of defaming MN Won't Forget. I
have removed from this site the articles dealing with Daly and MN Won't Forget. Go
to this link for a copy of the letter from their attorney.|
|June 7, 2003. One of the vestiges of the Vietnam era MIA issue is
a long-standing Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) suit by one
Hall of Silver Spring, MD against the Central Intelligence Agency in which Mr. Hall
alleges that the CIA is holding documents that prove US POWs were not released by the
Vietnamese at the end of the war and the US government has covered up this fact. He
is suing the CIA to force release of these alleged documents. Mr. Hall formed a
not-for-profit, tax exempt organization to pursue his suit. Tax returns filed by
not-for-profit organizations are public documents and, in April 2003, I requested from Mr.
Hall copies of the last three years' of his organization's tax returns. The returns
reveal some facts about his organization's finances that perhaps he does not want to be
public knowledge. Read about it here.|
|February 2, 2003. "POW-MIA Internet Blackout Day,"
sponsored by "Lady Jen" of the "POW-MIA Freedom Fighters" was
a total bust.|
|November 19, 2002. In early October 2002, a British publisher
released a book titled The Cage by an individual named Tom Abraham. Abraham
claims to have been a platoon leader with the 1st Cav Division in Vietnam; he also claims
to have been captured and escaped. His claim to have been a prisoner is bogus.
Read about him here.|
|October 14, 2002. On 11 October 2002, the Secretary of the Navy
directed that the status of CAPT Michael Speicher, lost on the first night of Desert Storm
in 1991, be changed to Missing/Captured. I retired before most of the work on the
Speicher case was done and I am not familiar with the details. This link takes you
to a copy of the SECNAV letter -- the letter contains a brief
description of evidence in the case.|
|June 13, 2002. "My Adopted POW."
One has only to surf the worldwide web for a few minutes before encountering a
"POW-MIA remembrance site" featuring "my adopted POW-MIA."
On several of these sites and other sites sponsored by MIA
"activist" groups one sees messages to the effect that "I have adopted (a
missing man's name) and would like to contact his family." These
"remembrance sites" and attempts to contact families are, in my view, bad ideas.|
|May 10, 2002: Operation Wild Fire:
Another MIA Scam: On 10 May 2002, an individual signing the name "Richard
Barker" left a message on the Guestbook. Barker was part of a scam alleging
that the people running the scam knew the whereabouts of US POWs in southern China and
would free them -- but they needed a bit of financial help.|
|April 4, 2002: Charles Duke and Kit
Mark: A Serious Analysis. In May 1970, two US civilian employees of
Dynalectron Corporation disappeared in the Central Highlands of South Vietnam. The
US Embassy, US forces, and ARVN forces immediately launched search operations to find
these men or to determine what happened to them. Within a few days, information was
received from several sources making it clear that both men were killed in a surprise
encounter with Communist guerrillas and buried west of Pleiku on 30 May 1970. The
Duke-Mark case has become one of the bits of mythology used by the MIA
"activist" cult -- the incident is misrepresented, and, inaccurate and untrue
information is spread about this incident. Former MIA investigator Bill Bell
wrote an article on this incident that was published in the April 2002 issue of
magazine. Bell's article is typical of his sloppy analysis and wishful
thinking. The article also is a compilation of the inaccurate, misleading, and
untrue information spread by the MIA cult regarding this incident. Read
this article for a serious analysis of this loss incident.|
|April 4, 2002: Added three maps to the web site: (1) Map of
Communist military organization for South Vietnam; (2) The
Ho Chi Minh Trail, 1968-1972; (3)
Map -- Republic of Vietnam.|
|March 19, 2002: USAF Captain Victor Apodaca and 1LT Jon Busch were lost
when their F-4 was shot down over North Vietnam, June 8, 1967. Busch's
remains were returned and identified in the 1980's. In late 2001, the DoD announced
the identification of CAPT Apodaca. CAPT Apodaca's sister, Delores Alfond, has
released a denunciation of the identification that is filled with false and misleading
information. Read the facts here.
|January 16, 2002: Nothing much to report. Work by the Joint
Task Force -- Full Accounting, the Central Identification Laboratory, and the Armed Forces
DNA Identification Lab continues to return and identify missing men.|
|May 11, 2001: President Bush issued the
required by law that Vietnam is cooperating fully with us in our efforts to account for
our missing men. This puts the National League of Families in an interesting
position: they are openly pro-Republican and they denounced Bill Clinton when he
issued the same certification.|
|In mid-March 2001, two individuals left comments on the guestbook --
here is a response.|
|On February 24, 2001, an individual signing the name "Paul
Rifenberg" left an uniformed and basically dumb comment on the MIA Facts Site
Guestbook. Here is a response -- though I don't know why I
|August 5, 2000: The full text of DPMO's study on the Vietnamese
collection and storage of the remains of Americans is avialable online at:
. The study is 3.8MB and is in PDF format. This is a good study -- I recommend
you read it.|
April 7, 2001
On April 7, 2001,
in Central Vietnam, a helicopter carrying 7 Americans and 9 Vietnamese crashed, killing
all on board -- members of a joint team searching for missing Americans in Vietnam .
The Americans were from the Joint Task Force --Full Accounting and the Army's Central
Identification Laboratory -- Hawaii. The Vietnamese included the helicopter crew and
Vietnamese military personnel who work with Americans in the joint MIA recovery
effort. The Americans and most of the Vietnamese killed in this crash were not even
alive during the war.
Vietnam War continues to take the lives of our young men.
As part of my home page, I have a Home Page Bookstore, associated
with Amazon.com, the online bookstore. Click here to go to
the Bookstore; from there, you can go to my selected books on the MIA issue and, if
you desire, you can use the indicated link in the bookstore to order a book online from
This page was last updated on:
February 28, 2020
Check back from time to time to read new items; I will post links to new
articles on the What's New page.
Thank you for your time.
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